IGGCAS OpenIR  > 地球与行星物理院重点实验室
Ionospheric Topside Diffusive Flux and the Formation of Summer Nighttime Ionospheric Electron Density Enhancement Over Millstone Hill
Cai, Yihui1,2,3,4; Yue, Xinan1,2,3; Wang, Wenbin5; Zhang, Shun-Rong6; Liu, Huixin4; Lei, Jiuhou7; Ren, Zhipeng1,2,3; Chen, Yiding1,2,3; Ding, Feng1,2,3; Ren, Dexin7
2022-02-28
Source PublicationGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS
ISSN0094-8276
Volume49Issue:4Pages:8
AbstractIonospheric F-region electron density is anomalously higher in the evening than during the daytime on many occasions in the summer in geomagnetic mid-latitude regions. This unexpected ionospheric diurnal variation has been studied for several decades. The underlying processes have been suggested to be related to meridional winds, topside influx arising from sunset ionospheric collapse, and other factors. However, substantial controversies remain unresolved. Using a numerical model driven by the statistical topside O+ diffusive flux from the Millstone Hill incoherent scatter radar data, we provide new insight into the competing roles of topside diffusive flux, neutral winds, and electric fields in forming the evening density peak. Simulations indicate that while meridional winds, which turn equatorward before sunset, are essential to sustain the daytime ionization near dusk, the topside diffusive flux is critically important for the formation and timing of the summer evening density peak.
KeywordMid-latitude summer nighttime anomaly (MSNA) Millstone Hill ISR TIEGCM Topside diffusive flux
DOI10.1029/2021GL097651
Funding OrganizationB-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG
WOS KeywordMODEL ; NMF2 ; MORPHOLOGY
Language英语
Funding ProjectB-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB41000000] ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS[YSBR-018] ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS[IGGCAS201904] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41427901] ; US NSF[AGS-1952737] ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant[FA9559-16-1-0364] ; AFOSR MURI grant[80NSSC19K0078] ; AFOSR MURI grant[80NSSC21K1315] ; ONR[N00014-17-1-2186] ; NSF[AGS-2033787] ; JSPS KAKENHI[18H01270] ; JSPS KAKENHI[17KK0095] ; DFG[JPJSJRP 20181602]
Funding OrganizationB-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; B-type Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Project of Stable Support for Youth Team in Basic Research Field, CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; Open Research Project of Large Research Infrastructures of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; US NSF ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; AFOSR MURI grant ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; ONR ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; JSPS KAKENHI ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG ; DFG
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000765659300011
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/104984
Collection地球与行星物理院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYue, Xinan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Earth & Planetary Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Beijing Natl Observ Space Environm, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Kyushu Univ, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Fukuoka, Japan
5.Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, High Altitude Observ, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 USA
6.MIT, Haystack Observ, Westford, MA 01886 USA
7.Univ Sci & Technol China, CAS Key Lab Geospace Environm, Hefei, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Yihui,Yue, Xinan,Wang, Wenbin,et al. Ionospheric Topside Diffusive Flux and the Formation of Summer Nighttime Ionospheric Electron Density Enhancement Over Millstone Hill[J]. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,2022,49(4):8.
APA Cai, Yihui.,Yue, Xinan.,Wang, Wenbin.,Zhang, Shun-Rong.,Liu, Huixin.,...&Ren, Dexin.(2022).Ionospheric Topside Diffusive Flux and the Formation of Summer Nighttime Ionospheric Electron Density Enhancement Over Millstone Hill.GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,49(4),8.
MLA Cai, Yihui,et al."Ionospheric Topside Diffusive Flux and the Formation of Summer Nighttime Ionospheric Electron Density Enhancement Over Millstone Hill".GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 49.4(2022):8.
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