IGGCAS OpenIR  > 地球与行星物理院重点实验室
Statistical Study on the North-South Asymmetric Distribution of the Mid-Low-Latitude Nightside Disturbed Magnetic Fields
Ou, Jiaming1; Du, Aimin2; Ge, Yasong2; Luo, Hao2; Zhang, Ying2; Guo, Zhifang2
2022-03-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS
ISSN2169-9380
Volume127Issue:3Pages:18
AbstractThe nightside magnetic field at the middle and low latitude observatory is usually disturbed, decreasing in its north component (noted as Bx) during the periods of enhanced space weather activity. As indicated by the SYM-H index, the decreasing field mainly originated from the magnetospheric westward ring current and the cross-tail currents. In the meridian direction, the maximum of the disturbed field has been observed not always located at the geomagnetic dipole equator. One possible explanation is that the latitudinal position of the magnetotail current systems is affected by the orientation of solar wind to the Earth's geomagnetic dipole axis (noted as tilt angle). For a non-zero tilt angle, the current deviates from the equatorial position (e.g., Malin & Mete Isikara, 1976; ). In this study, the mid-low latitudinal distribution of the nightside disturbed field is systematically investigated every similar to 1.5 hr, based on the magnetic surveys of the Swarm satellite constellation at polar orbits of similar to 450 km altitude. The meridian distribution of Bx regularly appears like an upward-opening parabolic shape with its vertex representing the magnetic minimum. In summer, the minimum is found generally located in the southern hemisphere, while in winter the pattern is reversed. The overall distribution demonstrates north-south asymmetry. When the disturbed level is low, the deviation of the magnetic minimum from the dipole equator usually gets larger. The north-south asymmetric distribution during storm times is further analyzed. In the initial phase, the magnetic minimum was shifted prominently (about 10 degrees-30 degrees) from the equator, then moved back (with the offset less than 10 degrees) in the main phase and recovery phase in most cases. Moreover, the latitudinal deviation undergoes a diurnal variation, which is conspicuous in spring and autumn. It seems the asymmetric distribution is anti-correlated to the contribution of the ring current, indicated by the SYM-H index. The warping structure of the cross-tail current sheet probably plays a predominant role in generating the north-south asymmetry of the magnetic field disturbances for non-zero dipole tilt angles. Monitoring the external magnetic configuration via the low-Earth-orbit satellites will provide fundamental evidence to identify the relative position of the ring current and the cross-tail current, as well as the dynamic processes in the near magnetotail.
Keywordnightside magnetic disturbed field the north-south asymmetry the ring current the cross-tail current
DOI10.1029/2021JA029970
Funding OrganizationMacau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; Macau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; Macau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; Macau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT
WOS KeywordRING CURRENT ; NEUTRAL SHEET ; PLASMA SHEET ; MAGNETOTAIL CURRENT ; POSITION ; SHAPE ; TAIL ; SUBSTORMS ; MODEL ; TILT
Language英语
Funding ProjectMacau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration[D020308] ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration[D020303] ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT[119/2017/A3]
Funding OrganizationMacau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; Macau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; Macau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; Macau Foundation ; Macau Foundation ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; pre-research project of Civil Aerospace Technologies by China's National Space Administration ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT ; opening fund of the State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences (Macau University of Science and Technology), Macau FDCT
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000776515200008
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/105090
Collection地球与行星物理院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorOu, Jiaming
Affiliation1.Macau Univ Sci & Technol, State Key Lab Lunar & Planetary Sci, Macau, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Earth & Planetary Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ou, Jiaming,Du, Aimin,Ge, Yasong,et al. Statistical Study on the North-South Asymmetric Distribution of the Mid-Low-Latitude Nightside Disturbed Magnetic Fields[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,2022,127(3):18.
APA Ou, Jiaming,Du, Aimin,Ge, Yasong,Luo, Hao,Zhang, Ying,&Guo, Zhifang.(2022).Statistical Study on the North-South Asymmetric Distribution of the Mid-Low-Latitude Nightside Disturbed Magnetic Fields.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS,127(3),18.
MLA Ou, Jiaming,et al."Statistical Study on the North-South Asymmetric Distribution of the Mid-Low-Latitude Nightside Disturbed Magnetic Fields".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 127.3(2022):18.
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