IGGCAS OpenIR  > 新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
Spatiotemporal Distribution and Geographical Impact Factors of Barley and Wheat during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age (4000-2300 cal. a BP) in the Gansu-Qinghai Region, Northwest China
Ma, Zhikun1,2; Song, Jincheng1,2; Wu, Xiaohui3,4; Hou, Guangliang5; Huan, Xiujia6
2022-05-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
Volume14Issue:9Pages:17
AbstractDuring the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age, the spread of Triticeae crops gradually transformed local millet agriculture in the Gansu-Qinghai region. However, few studies focused on the distribution characteristics and geographical factors influencing Triticeae agriculture. Here, geographical data from 65 sites with barley (Hordeum vulgare) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) remains in Gansu-Qinghai region were studied by spatial analysis in ArcGIS. The results showed that spatiotemporal distribution of barley and wheat exhibited three stages: firstly appeared in the central Hexi Corridor at similar to 4000 cal. a BP, then spread throughout the Hexi Corridor and Qinghai Lake area during 3600-3200 cal. a BP, and continued to move southward to the Hehuang Valley and Weihe River Basin during 3200-2300 cal. a BP. The studied sites were mainly distributed along rivers and certain altitude with suitable climatic conditions. The average distance to the nearest river was similar to 8 km, with wheat sites similar to 300 m closer than barley's. The average elevation was 3500-1500 m, with wheat sites similar to 200 m lower than barley's. The variations in spatiotemporal distribution were attributed to greater environmental tolerance of barley. These findings provide important environmental insights into the spatiotemporal distribution and transmission routes of barley and wheat in northwest China.
KeywordXiasunjiazhai site Triticeae crops kernel density analysis interpolation analysis euclidean distance analysis nearest river
DOI10.3390/sul4095417
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS KeywordAGRICULTURE ; ADAPTATION ; MOUNTAINS ; CORRIDOR
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41807436] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[42171165] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41907372]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000794486700001
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/105917
Collection新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHou, Guangliang; Huan, Xiujia
Affiliation1.Northwest Univ, Sch Cultural Heritage, Key Lab Cultural Heritage Res & Conservat, Minist Educ, Xian 710127, Peoples R China
2.Northwest Univ, Sch Cultural Heritage, China Cent Asia Belt & Rd Joint Lab Human & Envir, Xian 710127, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
5.Qinghai Normal Univ, Acad Plateau Sci & Sustainabil, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Cenozo Geol & Environm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ma, Zhikun,Song, Jincheng,Wu, Xiaohui,et al. Spatiotemporal Distribution and Geographical Impact Factors of Barley and Wheat during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age (4000-2300 cal. a BP) in the Gansu-Qinghai Region, Northwest China[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2022,14(9):17.
APA Ma, Zhikun,Song, Jincheng,Wu, Xiaohui,Hou, Guangliang,&Huan, Xiujia.(2022).Spatiotemporal Distribution and Geographical Impact Factors of Barley and Wheat during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age (4000-2300 cal. a BP) in the Gansu-Qinghai Region, Northwest China.SUSTAINABILITY,14(9),17.
MLA Ma, Zhikun,et al."Spatiotemporal Distribution and Geographical Impact Factors of Barley and Wheat during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age (4000-2300 cal. a BP) in the Gansu-Qinghai Region, Northwest China".SUSTAINABILITY 14.9(2022):17.
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