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Extensive melting of ancient depleted oceanic mantle evidenced by decoupled Hf-Nd isotopes in the lowermost oceanic crust
Zhang, Wei-Qi1,3; Liu, Chuan-Zhou1,2,3; Mitchell, Ross N.1,3; Liu, Tong1; Zhang, Chang1; Zhang, Zhen-Yu1,3
2022-06-01
Source PublicationLITHOS
ISSN0024-4937
Volume418Pages:12
AbstractThe upper mantle is highly heterogenous and represents a mixture of depleted peridotites and recycled materials. Isotopic studies (Sm-Nd, Lu-Hf and Re-Os) on abyssal peridotites and oceanic basalts have revealed the recycling of ancient depleted peridotites that record melt extraction as old as 2 Ga. However, the nature, proportions and melting dynamics of these ancient domains are poorly constrained. Here, we present integrated petrological and geochemical data, particularly high-precision clinopyroxene Sm-Nd and Lu-Hf isotopes, on a suite of magnesium-rich and ultra-depleted cumulates in the plume-related Pengco ophiolite from central Tibet. Petrological and geochemical compositions of Pengco cumulates indicate they were derived from a water-poor, magnesium-rich, and ultra-depleted primary melt similar to the low-Ti basalts from Manihiki oceanic plateau. Clinopyroxene in Pengco cumulates exhibit modestly radiogenic Nd isotopes (epsilon Nd (t) = +6.0 to +7.0] but highly radiogenic Hf isotopes (epsilon Hf (t) = +20.2 to +23.3], which deviate from the mantle array by as much as +11.4 epsilon units. Thus, Pengco cumulates represent the most Hf-Nd isotopic decoupling ever documented for oceanic crustal rocks. Based on geochemical models, we argue that the ultra-depleted melt compositions and extremely decoupled Nd-Hf isotopes of Pengco cumulates can be explained by re-melting of a source mainly composed of ancient depleted mantle that were recycled into the upper mantle. This agrees on the idea that ancient depleted peridotites might represent one of the dominant components in Earth's upper mantle. Melts from an ancient depleted mantle contribute prominently to the oceanic basalt compositions, although they have limited leverage on the Nd-Hf isotopic compositions of the fully aggregated melts due to its low incompatible element abundances. The unique Nd-Hf isotopic compositions preserved in the Pengco cumulates demonstrate that the melts preserved in the lowermost oceanic crust exhibit greater isotopic variability than the erupted magmas. Our results are consistent with the idea that full melt aggregation occurred at crustal level. Hf-Nd isotopes of the lowermost oceanic crust thus provide a critical re-evaluation of current models of the heterogeneity and melting dynamics in the upper mantle.
Keyword

Hf-Nd isotopes

Lower oceanic crust Ancient depleted mantle Mantle heterogeneity Pengco ophiolite
DOI10.1016/j.lithos.2022.106684
Funding OrganizationNational Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation
WOS KeywordABYSSAL PERIDOTITES ; RIDGE BASALT ; OS ISOTOPES ; LU-HF ; CONSTRAINTS ; EVOLUTION ; OPHIOLITE ; SM ; EXTRACTION ; SUBDUCTION
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars[42025201] ; National Key Research and Development Project of China[2020YFA0714801] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB42020301] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2021M703197]
Funding OrganizationNational Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; National Key Research and Development Project of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation
WOS Research AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics ; Mineralogy
WOS SubjectGeochemistry & Geophysics ; Mineralogy
WOS IDWOS:000799273100004
PublisherELSEVIER
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/106017
Collection岩石圈演化国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Wei-Qi
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, State Key Lab Lithospher Evolut, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.CAS Ctr Excellence Deep Earth Sci, Guangzhou 510640, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationState Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution
Corresponding Author AffilicationState Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Wei-Qi,Liu, Chuan-Zhou,Mitchell, Ross N.,et al. Extensive melting of ancient depleted oceanic mantle evidenced by decoupled Hf-Nd isotopes in the lowermost oceanic crust[J]. LITHOS,2022,418:12.
APA Zhang, Wei-Qi,Liu, Chuan-Zhou,Mitchell, Ross N.,Liu, Tong,Zhang, Chang,&Zhang, Zhen-Yu.(2022).Extensive melting of ancient depleted oceanic mantle evidenced by decoupled Hf-Nd isotopes in the lowermost oceanic crust.LITHOS,418,12.
MLA Zhang, Wei-Qi,et al."Extensive melting of ancient depleted oceanic mantle evidenced by decoupled Hf-Nd isotopes in the lowermost oceanic crust".LITHOS 418(2022):12.
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