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Petrogenesis of a similar to 900 Ma mafic sill from Xuzhou, North China: Implications for the genesis of Fe-Ti-rich rocks
Su, Xiangdong1,2; Peng, Peng1,2; Wang, Chong1,2; Sun, Fengbo1,2; Zhang, Zhiyue1,2; Zhou, Xiaotong1,2
2018-10-01
Source PublicationLITHOS
ISSN0024-4937
Volume318Pages:357-375
AbstractThe Niutishan sill, one of the similar to 900 Ma mafic sills in Xuzhou (Jiangsu province, North China), has a thickness of similar to 30 m. We have identified chemical parameters that define three differentiated interlayers from thirty-eight samples in a similar to 22 m profile. The sill reveals a succession consisting of an upper border zone of fine-grained dolerite (UZ), a middle zone of quartz-bearing gabbro (MZ), a coarse-grained apatite-enriched gabbro (LZc), a layer of Fe-Ti oxide-enriched gabbro (LZb) and a deeper medium-grained massive gabbro (LZa) at the bottom of the lower zone, capped by an uppermost chilled margin (CM) of plagioclase-clinopyroxene-porphyritic dolerite. Its significantly differentiated interlayers offer an opportunity to investigate the petrogenesis of high-Fe-Ti gabbro. The chilled margin composition suggests a highly evolved ferro-basaltic parental magma (whole-rock Mg#: 39, with similar to 2.9 wt% TiO2 and similar to 14.2 wt% FeOt), which likely represents a residual magma derived from a deep-seated magma chamber after significant removal of olivine. The internal compositional variation was controlled by fractional crystallisation with successive presence of plagioclase and Fe-poor clinopyroxene, followed by Fe-Ti oxides plus Fe-rich clinopyroxene, and finally apatite and albite-oligoclase. This sequence is consistent with the result of thermodynamic modelling of MELTS at a low H2O content of similar to-0.2 wt% and in a temperature range from 1200 to 780 degrees C and at a pressure of 70 MPa. The saturation of clinopyroxene before Fe-Ti oxides in liquids is interpreted to imply low-fO(2) and water-unsaturated conditions, which led the residual magma to an Fe-Ti-enriched trend. After the saturation and mechanical settling of clinopyroxene primocrysts from the parental magma, large amounts of Fe-Ti oxides crystallised from the evolved Fe-Ti-rich melt. Further crystallisation and solidification of the crystal mush led to the formation of the major Fe-Ti oxide-rich layer and expelled interstitial melt upward to mix with the more evolved residual melts, leading to the saturation of apatite. Meanwhile, the residual melts gradually tended to Si enrichment, which matches the observed compositions (enriched incompatible elements) of naturally occurring quartz- gabbro in the MZ. As a result, viscosity would increase, trapping highly evolved melts and impeding liquid separation, as exhibited by the silicic mesostasis of graphic intergrowths of quartz and alkali feldspar, and occasionally calcite. This sill is also characterized by considerable amounts of titanite at the bottoms of the UZ and LZ, which was likely formed during the late evolutionary stages as products of reaction between the primary Ti-rich minerals and a late igneous fluid/melt at temperature near 584 degrees C. The F-rich and Cl-poor apatite (X-F > 0.95) and Ti-rich magnetite (7.2-9.7 wt% Ti) from Fe-Ti (P)-rich layers indicate a magmatic origin from high-temperature Fe-Ti-rich melts. It is thus concluded that the significantly differentiated Niutishan sill was formed by the combined processes of fractionation, accumulation and compaction under water-unsaturated and low-fO(2) conditions, which most likely occurred in an intra-continental rather than a subduction-related environment. Further synthetic analysis suggests conclusion that this magmatism may record a break-up event. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordFe-Ti-rich gabbro Sill complex Fractional crystallisation Titanite Neoproterozoic North China Craton
DOI10.1016/j.lithos.2018.08.023
Funding OrganizationNFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; NFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; NFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; NFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS
WOS KeywordSILICATE LIQUID IMMISCIBILITY ; ILES LAYERED INTRUSION ; SKAERGAARD INTRUSION ; PHASE-RELATIONS ; THOLEIITIC MAGMAS ; U-PB ; FRACTIONAL CRYSTALLIZATION ; BASALT PETROGENESIS ; LIAODONG PENINSULA ; IGNEOUS COMPLEX
Language英语
Funding ProjectNFSC Project[41772192] ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS[QYZDB-SSW-DQC04281712250]
Funding OrganizationNFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; NFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; NFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; NFSC Project ; NFSC Project ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS ; Advanced Science Key Research Project of CAS
WOS Research AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics ; Mineralogy
WOS SubjectGeochemistry & Geophysics ; Mineralogy
WOS IDWOS:000449141300024
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/89442
Collection岩石圈演化国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorPeng, Peng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, State Key Lab Lithospher Evolut, POB 9825, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Su, Xiangdong,Peng, Peng,Wang, Chong,et al. Petrogenesis of a similar to 900 Ma mafic sill from Xuzhou, North China: Implications for the genesis of Fe-Ti-rich rocks[J]. LITHOS,2018,318:357-375.
APA Su, Xiangdong,Peng, Peng,Wang, Chong,Sun, Fengbo,Zhang, Zhiyue,&Zhou, Xiaotong.(2018).Petrogenesis of a similar to 900 Ma mafic sill from Xuzhou, North China: Implications for the genesis of Fe-Ti-rich rocks.LITHOS,318,357-375.
MLA Su, Xiangdong,et al."Petrogenesis of a similar to 900 Ma mafic sill from Xuzhou, North China: Implications for the genesis of Fe-Ti-rich rocks".LITHOS 318(2018):357-375.
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