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Parametric study of the production performance of an enhanced geothermal system: A case study at the Qiabuqia geothermal area, northeast Tibetan plateau
Zhang, Chao1,2,3; Jiang, Guangzheng1,2,3; Jia, Xiaofeng4; Li, Shengtao4; Zhang, Shengsheng5; Hu, Di1,2,3; Hu, Shengbiao1,2,3; Wang, Yibo1,2,3
2019-03-01
发表期刊RENEWABLE ENERGY
ISSN0960-1481
卷号132页码:959-978
摘要Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) is an essential approach to entrap heat from deep hot dry rock (HDR), a low- carbon and renewable energy. Understanding the long-term productivity performance of the EGS and its sensitivity to different reservoir parameters can help to achieve efficiently the optimized exploitation of a designated reservoir. The Qiabuqia geothermal area, located in the northeastern margin of the Gonghe basin, Tibetan Plateau, is one of the areas that have the greatest HDR geothermal resources exploration and development potential in China so far. Based on the geological data of the GR1 borehole at the Qiabuqia geothermal area, northeast Tibetan plateau, a 3D thermo-hydraulic coupled numerical model is established in this study with the method of finite element to assess the heat production potential. The mathematical model presented in this study is validated by the analytical solution of a single fracture model. By varying several key reservoir parameters (e.g. thermal conductivity, permeability, porosity, injection mass flow rate, injection fluid temperature, and lateral well spacing), the sensitivity analysis of the long-term production temperature and electric power rate evolution is implemented. The simulation results indicate that in the basal granitic reservoir with a depth of 2900 m-3400 m and a corresponding initial temperature of 160 degrees C-180 degrees C, the temperature produced and effective electric power can maintain at 173.4 degrees C and 2.48 MW for the first 7 years of simulation under the combination of 50 kg/s of injection flow rate, 60 degrees C of the injection fluid temperature and a 300 m of lateral well spacing. At the end of the 40-year operation period, the outlet temperature decrease to 162.8 degrees C, as well as a drop of 9.7% in the electric power. Sensitivity analysis with the method of 'One Factor At a time' suggests that the permeability is the parameter that affects the production temperature and energy extraction the most compared with the thermal conductivity and porosity. For a specified geothermal field with a known distribution of permeability, thermal conductivity and porosity, the injection mass flow rate has the most significant effect on the electric power output, followed by the injection temperature and the lateral well spacing. The results from the complete factorial experimental design simulation suggest the electric power performance of the reservoir can be increased by a reasonable multi-parameter combination. For a doublet well extraction system, based on the Qiabuqia geothermal area, a combination of 70 kg/s injection flow rate, 60 degrees C injection temperature, and 500 m lateral well spacing can attain an effective electric power output of 3.47-3.50 MW. Thus, this study compares the different heat mining performance potential under various reservoir parameters and their combinations through the aforementioned sensitivity analysis and can greatly promote the establishment and development of EGS program in the Qiabuqia geothermal area in the future. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词Enhanced geothermal system Hot dry rock Production temperature Effective electric power Sensitivity analysis Qiabuqia geothermal area
DOI10.1016/j.renene.2018.08.061
资助者National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China
关键词[WOS]STATIC FORMATION TEMPERATURES ; 2 HORIZONTAL WELLS ; HOT DRY ROCK ; THERMOHYDRAULIC PROCESS ; NUMERICAL-SIMULATION ; POWER-GENERATION ; PETROLEUM WELLS ; HEAT-FLOW ; CHINA ; RESOURCES
语种英语
资助项目National Science and Technology Major Project of China[2017ZX05008-004]
资助者National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China ; National Science and Technology Major Project of China
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS类目GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; Energy & Fuels
WOS记录号WOS:000449892900076
出版者PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/89458
专题岩石圈演化国家重点实验室
通讯作者Jiang, Guangzheng
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, State Key Lab Lithospher Evolut, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
4.China Geol Survey, Ctr Hydrogeol & Environm Geol, Baoding 071051, Peoples R China
5.Survey Inst Hydrogeol Engn Geol & Environm Geol Q, Xining 810008, Qinghai, Peoples R China
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Zhang, Chao,Jiang, Guangzheng,Jia, Xiaofeng,et al. Parametric study of the production performance of an enhanced geothermal system: A case study at the Qiabuqia geothermal area, northeast Tibetan plateau[J]. RENEWABLE ENERGY,2019,132:959-978.
APA Zhang, Chao.,Jiang, Guangzheng.,Jia, Xiaofeng.,Li, Shengtao.,Zhang, Shengsheng.,...&Wang, Yibo.(2019).Parametric study of the production performance of an enhanced geothermal system: A case study at the Qiabuqia geothermal area, northeast Tibetan plateau.RENEWABLE ENERGY,132,959-978.
MLA Zhang, Chao,et al."Parametric study of the production performance of an enhanced geothermal system: A case study at the Qiabuqia geothermal area, northeast Tibetan plateau".RENEWABLE ENERGY 132(2019):959-978.
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