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Climatic and oceanic changes during the Middle-Late Ordovician transition in the Tarim Basin, NW China and implications for the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event
Liu, Mu1,2,3; Chen, Daizhao1,2,3; Zhou, Xiqiang1,3; Yuan, Wei2,4; Jiang, Maosheng1,3; Liu, Lijing5
2019-01-15
Source PublicationPALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY
ISSN0031-0182
Volume514Pages:522-535
AbstractThe Middle-Late Ordovician transition (Darriwilian to Sandbian Age) witnessed a major pulse of the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event (GOBE) and distinctive oceanic geochemical fluctuations, such as coeval negative C and Sr isotope excursions. In this study, investigations into geochemical variations, notably the Hg abundance (or Hg/TOC), have been carried upon the organic-rich black shale of the Middle-Upper Ordovician Saergan Formation to unravel the causes of this pulse. Based on these data, three phases were identified. Phase 1 (0 to 3 m) is characterized by rising Hg/TOC (up to 138 ppb/wt%) and Ti/Al values as well as high CIA(corr) (corrected chemical index of alteration) values (68.9-72.3) with negligible enrichment of redox sensitive elements (RSE) and nutrient elements (e.g. U <= 5.2 ppm, V <= 153 ppm, Mo <= 1.8 ppm, P2O5 <= 0.2%), suggesting intensified volcanism, which could have emitted significant amounts of greenhouse gases, thereby leading to climate warming. In contrast, Phase 2 (3 to 11 m) is characterized by decreasing Hg/TOC and Ti/Al ratios, relatively low though slightly fluctuating CIA(corr) values, generally depleted in RSE (except moderately enriched U up to 14.6 ppm) and increased P/Al and Ba/Al ratios, implying weakening volcanic activity and subsequent climate cooling and the potential for improved seawater ventilation as a result of oceanic upwelling. Phase 3 (Sandbian Age: 11-13 m) witnessed continuous decrease in Hg/TOC ratio, an increase in Ti/Al and CIA(corr) values, fairly low values of RSE enrichment and P/Al and Ba/Al ratios, indicating recurrent climate warming, and the potential for slowed oceanic circulation and attenuated upwelling of nutrient-rich deep waters onto the shallow shelf. These changes could have diminished bioproductivity and organic output onto the seafloor. This study offers insights into volcanic-climatic-oceanic interactions during a major pulse of the GOBE around the Middle-Late Ordovician transition while black shales were extensively deposited.
KeywordMercury concentration Volcanism Black shale Great Ordovician Biodiversity Event Middle-Late Ordovician Tarim Basin
DOI10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.10.032
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS KeywordCARBON-ISOTOPE STRATIGRAPHY ; MERCURY ANOMALIES ; SEDIMENTARY-ROCKS ; SOUTH CHINA ; ORGANIC-CARBON ; TRACE-METALS ; K-BENTONITES ; VOLCANIC TRIGGER ; YANGTZE PLATFORM ; MASS EXTINCTION
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[91755210] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41502117] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41573010]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology ; Paleontology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Paleontology
WOS IDWOS:000456355800039
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/90212
Collection油气资源研究院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorChen, Daizhao
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Petr Resources Res, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Environm Geochem, Guiyang 550002, Guizhou, Peoples R China
5.Northwest Univ, Dept Geol, Xian 710127, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Mu,Chen, Daizhao,Zhou, Xiqiang,et al. Climatic and oceanic changes during the Middle-Late Ordovician transition in the Tarim Basin, NW China and implications for the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event[J]. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY,2019,514:522-535.
APA Liu, Mu,Chen, Daizhao,Zhou, Xiqiang,Yuan, Wei,Jiang, Maosheng,&Liu, Lijing.(2019).Climatic and oceanic changes during the Middle-Late Ordovician transition in the Tarim Basin, NW China and implications for the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event.PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY,514,522-535.
MLA Liu, Mu,et al."Climatic and oceanic changes during the Middle-Late Ordovician transition in the Tarim Basin, NW China and implications for the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event".PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY 514(2019):522-535.
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