IGGCAS OpenIR  > 地球与行星物理院重点实验室
An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes
Balan, N.1,2,3,4; Li, Qiaoling1,2,3,4; Liu, Libo1,2,3,4; Le, Huijun1,2,3,4
2018-12-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS
ISSN1364-6826
卷号181页码:94-109
摘要This paper presents a review of the progress in the understanding of an additional layer in the low latitude ionosphere, the F-3 layer. A brief introduction to the daytime equatorial electrodynamics required for understanding the formation of F-3 layer and formation of the usual ionospheric regions and layers are also included for continuity. Numerous papers on various aspects of F-3 layer and topside ledge (F-3 layer in the topside ionosphere) were published by different research groups using observations and modelling. The first time observations and important new aspects are highlighted and areas for further studies are suggested in this review. The important new aspects include an automated procedure for identifying F-3 layer, global map of F-3 layer and its longitudinal wave structure, solar activity variation of F-3 layer and its long term trend, F-3 layer in TEC, F-3 layer at sunrise and sunset hours, simultaneous observations of F-3 layer and upward ExB drift velocity, simultaneous observations of F-3 layer in conjugate summer and winter locations, rapid ascend of F-3 layer during geomagnetic storms as an indicator of eastward prompt penetration electric field and mechanism of F-4 layer. Main points are summarized at the end.
关键词equatorial electrodynamics Ionospheric regions and layers F-3 layer
DOI10.1016/j.jastp.2018.10.011
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
关键词[WOS]IONOSPHERIC F3 LAYER ; INDIAN LOW LATITUDES ; IONIZATION LEDGE ; SOLAR-CYCLE ; STRATIFICATION ; MODEL ; FEATURES ; REGION ; TEMPERATURE ; VARIABILITY
语种英语
资助项目National Natural Science Foundation of China[41621063] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41774161]
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS研究方向Geochemistry & Geophysics ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS类目Geochemistry & Geophysics ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000452936100002
出版者PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/90262
专题地球与行星物理院重点实验室
通讯作者Balan, N.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Earth & Planetary Phys, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Beijing Natl Observ Space Environm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Balan, N.,Li, Qiaoling,Liu, Libo,et al. An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes[J]. JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS,2018,181:94-109.
APA Balan, N.,Li, Qiaoling,Liu, Libo,&Le, Huijun.(2018).An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes.JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS,181,94-109.
MLA Balan, N.,et al."An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes".JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS 181(2018):94-109.
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