IGGCAS OpenIR  > 地球与行星物理院重点实验室
An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes
Balan, N.1,2,3,4; Li, Qiaoling1,2,3,4; Liu, Libo1,2,3,4; Le, Huijun1,2,3,4
2018-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS
ISSN1364-6826
Volume181Pages:94-109
AbstractThis paper presents a review of the progress in the understanding of an additional layer in the low latitude ionosphere, the F-3 layer. A brief introduction to the daytime equatorial electrodynamics required for understanding the formation of F-3 layer and formation of the usual ionospheric regions and layers are also included for continuity. Numerous papers on various aspects of F-3 layer and topside ledge (F-3 layer in the topside ionosphere) were published by different research groups using observations and modelling. The first time observations and important new aspects are highlighted and areas for further studies are suggested in this review. The important new aspects include an automated procedure for identifying F-3 layer, global map of F-3 layer and its longitudinal wave structure, solar activity variation of F-3 layer and its long term trend, F-3 layer in TEC, F-3 layer at sunrise and sunset hours, simultaneous observations of F-3 layer and upward ExB drift velocity, simultaneous observations of F-3 layer in conjugate summer and winter locations, rapid ascend of F-3 layer during geomagnetic storms as an indicator of eastward prompt penetration electric field and mechanism of F-4 layer. Main points are summarized at the end.
Keywordequatorial electrodynamics Ionospheric regions and layers F-3 layer
DOI10.1016/j.jastp.2018.10.011
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS KeywordIONOSPHERIC F3 LAYER ; INDIAN LOW LATITUDES ; IONIZATION LEDGE ; SOLAR-CYCLE ; STRATIFICATION ; MODEL ; FEATURES ; REGION ; TEMPERATURE ; VARIABILITY
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41621063] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41774161]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectGeochemistry & Geophysics ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000452936100002
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/90262
Collection地球与行星物理院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorBalan, N.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Earth & Planetary Phys, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Beijing Natl Observ Space Environm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Balan, N.,Li, Qiaoling,Liu, Libo,et al. An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes[J]. JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS,2018,181:94-109.
APA Balan, N.,Li, Qiaoling,Liu, Libo,&Le, Huijun.(2018).An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes.JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS,181,94-109.
MLA Balan, N.,et al."An introduction to equatorial electrodynamics and a review of an additional layer at low latitudes".JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS 181(2018):94-109.
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