IGGCAS OpenIR  > 矿产资源研究院重点实验室
Spatial and temporal distributions, metallogenic backgrounds and processes of indium deposits
Xu Jing1,2; Li XiaoFeng1,2,3
2018
Source PublicationACTA PETROLOGICA SINICA
ISSN1000-0569
Volume34Issue:12Pages:3611-3626
AbstractIndium is a rare and dispersed metallic element. Hitherto, no independent indium deposit has been reported worldwide due to specific geochemical properties of indium. The indium mineralization as the by-product mainly associates with tin-rich hydrothermal systems, including magmatic-hydrothermal and continental volcanic-subvolcanic systems, and relatively tin-depleted submarine volcanic hydrothermal system. The indium mineralization usually formed in the plate boundary, which is closely related to slab subduction and collision, whereas a few sulfide deposits associated with volcanic rocks and sedimentary rocks produced in the post-arc environment and rift environment. The significant development of indium in geologic historical period mainly focuses in the Neogene, Cretaceous, and Devonian, corresponding to main mineralization types of epithermal, skarn, and VMS, respectively. Most magmatic rocks associated with indium mineralization are A-type or S-type granites. There are approximately 15 kinds of independent minerals of indium, including natural indium, roquesite, indite, sakuraiite, and dzhalindite. In addition to forming individual indium minerals, the majority of indium is principally hosted in sphalerite, followed by stannite, stannoidite, chalcopyrite, cassiterite, tetrahedrite, and tennatite. Indium is mainly formed in the high temperature condition, and generally displays multi-stage enrichment. Sphalerite is the most important indium bearing mineral, in which the incorporation mechanism is (Ag, Cu) (+) + In3+ <--> 2Zn(2+). This paper suggests that it is necessary to further strengthen the research on the origin of indium, the physical and chemical conditions of indium precipitation, and the genetical links between indium and the main ore species.
KeywordIndium Mineralogy Occurrence Enrichment mechanism Mineralization
WOS KeywordTIN-POLYMETALLIC DEPOSITS ; VEIN-TYPE DEPOSITS ; BEARING SPHALERITE ; TRACE-ELEMENTS ; INNER-MONGOLIA ; ORE DISTRICT ; RESOURCE EVALUATION ; MINERAL CHEMISTRY ; SULFIDE DEPOSITS ; DESEADO MASSIF
Language英语
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeology
WOS IDWOS:000456931900011
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/90542
Collection矿产资源研究院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi XiaoFeng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Mineral Resources, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu Jing,Li XiaoFeng. Spatial and temporal distributions, metallogenic backgrounds and processes of indium deposits[J]. ACTA PETROLOGICA SINICA,2018,34(12):3611-3626.
APA Xu Jing,&Li XiaoFeng.(2018).Spatial and temporal distributions, metallogenic backgrounds and processes of indium deposits.ACTA PETROLOGICA SINICA,34(12),3611-3626.
MLA Xu Jing,et al."Spatial and temporal distributions, metallogenic backgrounds and processes of indium deposits".ACTA PETROLOGICA SINICA 34.12(2018):3611-3626.
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