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Geology and Geochemistry of the giant Huoshaoyun zinc-lead deposit, Karakorum Range, northwestern Tibet
Li, Hao1,2; Xu, Xing-Wang1,2; Borg, Gregor3; Gilg, H. Albert4; Dong, Lian-Hui1,5; Fan, Ting-Bin5; Zhou, Gang5; Liu, Rui-Lin6; Hong, Tao1,2; Ke, Qiang1,2; Wu, Chu1,7; Zhang, Guoliang1; Li, Hang1,2
2019-03-01
Source PublicationORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS
ISSN0169-1368
Volume106Pages:251-272
AbstractThe recently discovered giant Huoshaoyun zinc-lead deposit in the Karakorum Range, northwestern Tibet, China, consists of a major zinc-lead carbonate and a minor lead-dominant sulfide mineralization with metal reserves of zinc and lead of over 16 million tonnes. The zinc-lead carbonate mineralization is composed of smithsonite and cerussite, with laminated, massive, veined and botryoidal textures, showing sedimentary and metasomatic structures. The lead-dominant sulfide mineralization is composed mainly of galena and minor sphalerite and pyrite, with laminated, brecciated, and veined textures. The laminated sulfide mineralized zones occur at the top of the deposit, whereas the zinc-lead carbonate mineralized bodies are located below the sulfide zones. Lead-dominant sulfide veins cut the zinc-lead carbonate ores and the host limestone. The sequence of formation of the lead-zinc ores with various mineral colors in thin sections is as follows: (1) light-colored to yellowish, fine- to coarse- and subhedral to euhedral smithsonite; (2) yellowish to reddish, fine- to coarse- and subhedral to euhedral smithsonite; (3) light-colored veined smithsonite; (4) white coarse-grained, xenomorphic cerussite; (5) colorless euhedral to sub-angular quartz crystals; (6) euhedral to anhedral lead-zinc sulfides and gypsum. The mineralization events of the Huoshaoyun deposit are: (1) early hydrothermal sedimentary smithsonite mineralization; (2) hydrothermal replacive smithsonite mineralization; (3) vein-type smithsonite mineralization; (4) open space filling and replacive cerussite mineralization; (5) lead-zinc sulfide mineralization. The fluid inclusions of cerussite indicate that the hydrothermal fluids of the cerussite ore-forming stage are characterized by a temperature range of at least 186-206 degrees C and low salinities (0.7-1.2 wt% NaCl eq.). The source of oxygen and carbon for the zinc-lead carbonate mineralization is possibly consistent with the involvement of marine water and a magmatic fluid, and is probably dominated by the magmatic fluid. The source of sulfur for the lead-dominant sulfide mineralization is possibly related to a magma reservoir. The zinc-lead-carbonate portion of the deposit represents a primary hypogene non-sulfide mineralization.
KeywordHuoshaoyun Zinc-lead deposit Carbonate and sulfide mineralization Hypogene mineralization
DOI10.1016/j.oregeorev.2019.02.002
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project
WOS KeywordZN-PB DEPOSIT ; STABLE-ISOTOPE GEOCHEMISTRY ; WESTERN KUNLUN ; PHOSPHORIC-ACID ; NW IRAN ; EVOLUTION ; MINERALIZATION ; GENESIS ; CARBON ; OXYGEN
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41672088] ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project[kzcx-ew-ly03] ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project[kzcx2-yw-107] ; National 305 project[2011BAB06B03-3] ; National 305 project[2006BAB07B01-03]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; CAS Knowledge Innovation Project ; National 305 project ; National 305 project
WOS Research AreaGeology ; Mineralogy ; Mining & Mineral Processing
WOS SubjectGeology ; Mineralogy ; Mining & Mineral Processing
WOS IDWOS:000462105000015
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/91087
Collection矿产资源研究院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorXu, Xing-Wang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Mineral Resources, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Geol Sci, von Seckendorff Pl 3, D-06120 Halle, Germany
4.TUM, Lehrstuhl Ingenieurgeol, Arcisstr 21, D-80333 Munich, Germany
5.Xinjiang Bur Geol & Mineral Resources, Xinjiang 830000, Urumqi, Peoples R China
6.Peking Univ, Sch Earth & Space Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
7.China Univ Geosci, Sch Geosci & Resources, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Hao,Xu, Xing-Wang,Borg, Gregor,et al. Geology and Geochemistry of the giant Huoshaoyun zinc-lead deposit, Karakorum Range, northwestern Tibet[J]. ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS,2019,106:251-272.
APA Li, Hao.,Xu, Xing-Wang.,Borg, Gregor.,Gilg, H. Albert.,Dong, Lian-Hui.,...&Li, Hang.(2019).Geology and Geochemistry of the giant Huoshaoyun zinc-lead deposit, Karakorum Range, northwestern Tibet.ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS,106,251-272.
MLA Li, Hao,et al."Geology and Geochemistry of the giant Huoshaoyun zinc-lead deposit, Karakorum Range, northwestern Tibet".ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS 106(2019):251-272.
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