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Energy-based average stress drop and its uncertainty during the 2015 M-w 7.8 Nepal earthquake constrained by geodetic data and its implications to earthquake dynamics
Adams, Mareike1,2; Hao, Jinlai3; Ji, Chen1,2
2019-05-01
Source PublicationGEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL
ISSN0956-540X
Volume217Issue:2Pages:784-797
AbstractThe slip and static stress drop of the 2015 M-w 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake has been studied using its excellent near-source static observations and a newly developed finite fault inversion algorithm with an average stress drop constraint. A series of nonlinear inversions with different target stress drops are conducted to search for the solution that not only most accurately fits the geodetic data, but also has an energy-based stress drop, (Delta) over bar tau(E), matching the target value. Our result reveals that the misfit to the geodetic data gradually decreases when the (Delta) over bar tau(E) of the inverted slip model increases from 2 to 7MPa; but becomes nearly constant when (Delta) over bar tau(E) further increases. Hence, only the lower bound of (Delta) over bar tau(E), that is, (Delta) over bar tau(min)(E) (similar to 7 MPa), of the Gorkha earthquake can be constrained with near-fault geodetic measurements, consistent with our previous study using just far-field seismic data. The upper bound of (Delta) over bar tau(E) can be constrained with an extra constraint on the maximum local stress drop. An artificial upper bound can also be reached if using a large subfault size to represent the source. The lower bound of (Delta) over bar tau(E) leads to the lower bound of the apparent available energy and the upper bound of the radiation efficiency (eta(R), 0.09-0.15), though the latter is also sensitive to the determination of the radiated seismic energy. We find that the lower eta(R) and the reported high rupture velocity (80-93 per cent shear wave speed) can be reconciled by considering the aspect ratio of the dominant slip patch. We recommend using (Delta) over bar tau(min)(E) to replace various slip smoothing constraints to stabilize the finite fault inversion because of its clear physical meaning.
KeywordInverse theory Numerical approximations and analysis Numerical modelling Wavelet transform Earthquake dynamics Earthquake source observations
DOI10.1093/gji/ggz047
Funding OrganizationSouthern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS KeywordFAULT SLIP INVERSIONS ; 1979 IMPERIAL-VALLEY ; 1999 HECTOR MINE ; GORKHA EARTHQUAKE ; DOMAIN INVERSION ; SEISMIC MOMENT ; RUPTURE ; CALIFORNIA ; MODELS ; DEFORMATION
Language英语
Funding ProjectSouthern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF[7062] ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF[EAR-0109624] ; USGS Cooperative Agreement[02HQAG0008] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41541033] ; [EAR-1215769]
Funding OrganizationSouthern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) - NSF ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; USGS Cooperative Agreement ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS SubjectGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS IDWOS:000465608000004
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/92129
Collection中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所
Corresponding AuthorAdams, Mareike
Affiliation1.Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Earth Sci, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA
2.Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Earth Res Inst, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Adams, Mareike,Hao, Jinlai,Ji, Chen. Energy-based average stress drop and its uncertainty during the 2015 M-w 7.8 Nepal earthquake constrained by geodetic data and its implications to earthquake dynamics[J]. GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL,2019,217(2):784-797.
APA Adams, Mareike,Hao, Jinlai,&Ji, Chen.(2019).Energy-based average stress drop and its uncertainty during the 2015 M-w 7.8 Nepal earthquake constrained by geodetic data and its implications to earthquake dynamics.GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL,217(2),784-797.
MLA Adams, Mareike,et al."Energy-based average stress drop and its uncertainty during the 2015 M-w 7.8 Nepal earthquake constrained by geodetic data and its implications to earthquake dynamics".GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL 217.2(2019):784-797.
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