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Application of VES and ERT for delineation of fresh-saline interface in alluvial aquifers of Lower Bari Doab, Pakistan
Hasan, Muhammad1,2,3; Shang, Yanjun1,2,3; Akhter, Gulraiz4; Jin, Weijun1,2,3
2019-05-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED GEOPHYSICS
ISSN0926-9851
Volume164Pages:200-213
AbstractGeophysical methods are effectively used to delineate intrusion boundary between the fresh and saline aquifers because of their intrinsic capability to assess the lateral variations in the pore-water salinity. In this study, an integrated geophysical approach of vertical electrical sounding (VES) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) has been conducted to delineate the contaminated aquifers in the Lower Bari Doab, Pakistan. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) using Schlumberger array with 5 m electrode spacing was conducted along eleven profiles at three selected sites (LBD1, LBD2 and LBD3) in the investigated area. The surface geoelectrical method was performed by sixty electrical resistivity soundings using the same array with maximum current electrode spacing (AB = 150 m). The integration of formation resistivity with ten boreholes reveals four discrete subsurface layers i.e., clay having saline aquifer, clay-sand containing brackish aquifer, sand with fresh aquifer and gravel-sand containing fresh aquifer. Estimation of Dar-Zarrouk Parameters (i.e., longitudinal resistivity, transverse resistance and longitudinal conductance) from different combinations of aquifer thickness and resistivity delineated the fresh, brackish and saline water zones with specific values range through mapping and graphical analysis. Geochemical method was performed on forty wells for main cations (K+, Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+), anions (SO42-, Cl-, HCO3- and NO3-) and other parameters (As, EC, TDS and pH) to validate the results obtained from the geophysical methods. The fresh/saline aquifers delineated by the inclusion of ERT and geoelectrical method are in good agreement with those revealed by the physicochemical analysis and the local hydrogeological data. The results suggest that the use of non-invasive geophysical methods can reduce the number of expensive boreholes to obtain an interface between the fresh and saline water for the exploitation of fresh groundwater resources in any large area of homogeneous or heterogeneous aquifers. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordFresh/saline aquifers Geophysical methods Geochemical method Groundwater Resistivity Lower Bari Doab
DOI10.1016/j.jappgeo.2019.03.013
Funding OrganizationCAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan
WOS KeywordELECTRICAL-RESISTIVITY ; COASTAL AQUIFER ; GROUNDWATER ; INTRUSION ; SALINIZATION ; PARAMETERS ; SALTWATER ; INVERSION ; BASIN ; AREA
Language英语
Funding ProjectCAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB 10030100] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41772320] ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan
Funding OrganizationCAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Islamabad Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan ; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan
WOS Research AreaGeology ; Mining & Mineral Processing
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Mining & Mineral Processing
WOS IDWOS:000468707700018
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/92131
Collection页岩气与地质工程院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHasan, Muhammad
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Shale Gas & Geoengn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Quaid I Azam Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Islamabad, Pakistan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hasan, Muhammad,Shang, Yanjun,Akhter, Gulraiz,et al. Application of VES and ERT for delineation of fresh-saline interface in alluvial aquifers of Lower Bari Doab, Pakistan[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED GEOPHYSICS,2019,164:200-213.
APA Hasan, Muhammad,Shang, Yanjun,Akhter, Gulraiz,&Jin, Weijun.(2019).Application of VES and ERT for delineation of fresh-saline interface in alluvial aquifers of Lower Bari Doab, Pakistan.JOURNAL OF APPLIED GEOPHYSICS,164,200-213.
MLA Hasan, Muhammad,et al."Application of VES and ERT for delineation of fresh-saline interface in alluvial aquifers of Lower Bari Doab, Pakistan".JOURNAL OF APPLIED GEOPHYSICS 164(2019):200-213.
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