IGGCAS OpenIR  > 新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs
Ren, Meng1,2; Tang, Zihua3; Wu, Xinhua4; Spengler, Robert5; Jiang, Hongen2; Yang, Yimin2,5; Boivin, Nicole5
2019-06-01
Source PublicationSCIENCE ADVANCES
ISSN2375-2548
Volume5Issue:6Pages:8
AbstractCannabis is one of the oldest cultivated plants in East Asia, grown for grain and fiber as well as for recreational, medical, and ritual purposes. It is one of the most widely used psychoactive drugs in the world today, but little is known about its early psychoactive use or when plants under cultivation evolved the phenotypical trait of increased specialized compound production. The archaeological evidence for ritualized consumption of cannabis is limited and contentious. Here, we present some of the earliest directly dated and scientifically verified evidence for ritual cannabis smoking. This phytochemical analysis indicates that cannabis plants were burned in wooden braziers during mortuary ceremonies at the Jirzankal Cemetery (ca. 500 BCE) in the eastern Pamirs region. This suggests cannabis was smoked as part of ritual and/or religious activities in western China by at least 2500 years ago and that the cannabis plants produced high levels of psychoactive compounds.
DOI10.1126/sciadv.aaw1391
Funding OrganizationNational Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS KeywordSATIVA MARIJUANA ; ANCIENT CANNABIS ; AGE ; EVOLUTION ; CLASSIFICATION ; AGRICULTURE ; PHENOTYPE ; XINJIANG ; HEMP
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Funding OrganizationNational Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; National Young Top-Notch Talent Support Program ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS ; Max Planck Society ; Max Planck Society ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000473798500065
PublisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/92663
Collection新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYang, Yimin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origins Chinese, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Archaeol & Anthropol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Cenozo Geol & Environm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Social Sci, Inst Archaeol, Beijing 100710, Peoples R China
5.Max Planck Inst Sci Human Hist, Dept Archaeol, D-07745 Jena, Germany
6.Univ Queensland, Sch Social Sci, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ren, Meng,Tang, Zihua,Wu, Xinhua,et al. The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs[J]. SCIENCE ADVANCES,2019,5(6):8.
APA Ren, Meng.,Tang, Zihua.,Wu, Xinhua.,Spengler, Robert.,Jiang, Hongen.,...&Boivin, Nicole.(2019).The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs.SCIENCE ADVANCES,5(6),8.
MLA Ren, Meng,et al."The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs".SCIENCE ADVANCES 5.6(2019):8.
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