IGGCAS OpenIR  > 矿产资源研究院重点实验室
Regional heterogeneous temporal-spatial distribution of gold deposits in the North China Craton: A review
Zhang, Lian-Chang1,2,3; Bai, Yang1,2,3; Zhu, Ming-Tian1,2,3; Huang, Ke1,2,3; Peng, Zi-dong1,2,3
2019-10-13
Source PublicationGEOLOGICAL JOURNAL
ISSN0072-1050
Pages18
AbstractThe gold mineralization of the North China Craton (NCC) is characterized by regional heterogeneous distribution. Such a feature is mainly reflected by the spatial dispersity and local concentration, as well as multiperiods of gold-forming events. Gold deposits are principally converged in the Jiaodong, Xiaoqinling-Xiong'er Mountain, Jidong, Liaodong, and Taihang Mountain regions. The northern margin of the NCC is strongly enriched in Au, Mo, and Cu elements, whereas its southern and eastern margins trend to show significant enrichment of Au-Mo and Au, respectively. Among them, the early period of Mesozoic mineralization is Au-Mo-Pb-Zn combination, the peak is Au, and the late period is Au-Ag combination. The Early Cretaceous is the main gold metallogenic epoch of the NCC followed by the Middle-Late Triassic and Jurassic. Generally, gold mineralization time of the Xiaoqinling-Xiong'er Mountain and Taihang Mountain is a little earlier than those of Jiaodong gold deposits; some of Jidong (Jinchangyu, Yuerya, and Niuxinshan) and the Liaodong (Baiyun and Maoling) gold deposits were formed in the Triassic-Jurassic. Overall, the uneven distribution of gold deposits in the NCC is generally controlled by the tectonic evolution and interaction of the regional geological blocks, the hydrothermal alteration and gold activation in the metamorphic basement, and the Mesozoic magma activity. In the Middle Jurassic and before, the tectonic evolution of the NCC was mainly influenced by the Central Asian Orogenic Belt and the Qinling Orogenic Belt. Tectonic system transition from extrusion to extension, locally developed mantle upwelling and lithospheric thinning, as well as a series of Middle Triassic-Jurassic magmatic activities, and even the presence of alkaline rocks along the east-west direction occurred on the northern margin of the NCC, which generated a series of Au-Mo deposits. This is the first craton destruction and gold mineralization event that occurred in the northern margin of the NCC after its formation. In the Cretaceous and after, the geological evolution of the NCC was mainly controlled by the ancient Pacific Plate. The NCC was subjected to extensive lithospheric thinning, which in turn led to a more large-scale gold mineralization. In addition, it is found that these ore-forming materials sourced from the metamorphic rock are not entirely dependent on the gold content but also affected by one or more geological processes, which activate and extract gold from the wall rock and upgrade it in suitable tectonic environments. The influence of granitoids and intermediate-basic dikes in these gold deposits seems like a "hot machine," which is the source of metallogenic hydrothermal fluid, and it is also a possible source of some ore-forming minerals.
Keywordcraton destruction gold deposit heterogeneous distribution lithospheric thinning Mesozoic North China Craton tectonic evolution
DOI10.1002/gj.3649
Funding OrganizationMinistry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS KeywordEASTERN HEBEI PROVINCE ; ZIRCON U-PB ; OROGENIC GOLD ; HE-AR ; RB-SR ; ISOTOPE GEOCHEMISTRY ; NORTHEASTERN CHINA ; CONTINENTAL-MARGIN ; JIAODONG PENINSULA ; CRUSTAL EVOLUTION
Language英语
Funding ProjectMinistry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China[2016YFC0600106] ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China[41572073]
Funding OrganizationMinistry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China ; Nation Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000490119800001
PublisherWILEY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/93903
Collection矿产资源研究院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Lian-Chang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Mineral Resources, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Innovat Acad Earth Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Lian-Chang,Bai, Yang,Zhu, Ming-Tian,et al. Regional heterogeneous temporal-spatial distribution of gold deposits in the North China Craton: A review[J]. GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL,2019:18.
APA Zhang, Lian-Chang,Bai, Yang,Zhu, Ming-Tian,Huang, Ke,&Peng, Zi-dong.(2019).Regional heterogeneous temporal-spatial distribution of gold deposits in the North China Craton: A review.GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL,18.
MLA Zhang, Lian-Chang,et al."Regional heterogeneous temporal-spatial distribution of gold deposits in the North China Craton: A review".GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL (2019):18.
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