IGGCAS OpenIR  > 新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
The 4.2 ka event and its resulting cultural interruption in the Daihai Lake basin at the East Asian summer monsoon margin
Xiao, Jule1,2,3; Zhang, Shengrui1,3; Fan, Jiawei1; Wen, Ruilin1,2; Xu, Qinghai4; Inouchi, Yoshio5; Nakamura, Toshio6
2019-08-30
Source PublicationQUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
ISSN1040-6182
Volume527Pages:87-93
AbstractThe 4.2 ka event has attracted worldwide interest since it was suggested to be a possible cause for the collapse of ancient civilizations. With the accumulation of proxy records, however, both the nature of the 4.2 ka event itself and the manner of societal responses to climate change have become controversial. Here we present a climatic record of Daihai Lake spanning 5-3 cal ka BP, together with a cultural series for the lake basin around 4 cal ka BP, to explore the regional nature of the 4.2 ka event and the relationship between climatic variation and cultural evolution. The climatic record reflects a dry event at the interval of 4060-3690 cal yr BP that could be a regional manifestation of the 4.2 ka event. The cultural series suggests an interruption between two different cultures during the period of 4300-4000 cal yr BP. Taking into consideration the dating errors and especially the uncertainties resulting from dating cultural layers of the archaeological sections, we suggest that the cultural interruption in the Daihai Lake basin might have been caused by a monsoon-related dry event. Humans primarily engaged in agriculture likely left the lake basin because the drainage basin became unsuitable for agrarian activities as the climate became too dry, thus leaving a cultural vacancy of several centuries in the lake basin. A significant decline in the intensity of the East Asian summer monsoon on centennial to multi-decadal timescales could be associated with dramatic cooling of surface waters of both the North Atlantic and western tropical Pacific.
Keyword4.2 ka event Dry event Cultural interruption Daihai lake basin East Asian summer monsoon margin
DOI10.1016/j.quaint.2018.06.025
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS KeywordHOLOCENE CLIMATE ; COLLAPSE ; TRANSITION ; RESPONSES ; BP
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0603400] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26020203]
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000495356900010
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/95751
Collection新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorXiao, Jule
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, CAS Key Lab Cenozo Geol & Environm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.CAS Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Hebei Normal Univ, Coll Resources & Environm, Shijiazhuang 050024, Hebei, Peoples R China
5.Waseda Univ, Fac Human Sci, Saitama 3591192, Japan
6.Nagoya Univ, Ctr Chronol Res, Nagoya, Aichi 4648602, Japan
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiao, Jule,Zhang, Shengrui,Fan, Jiawei,et al. The 4.2 ka event and its resulting cultural interruption in the Daihai Lake basin at the East Asian summer monsoon margin[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2019,527:87-93.
APA Xiao, Jule.,Zhang, Shengrui.,Fan, Jiawei.,Wen, Ruilin.,Xu, Qinghai.,...&Nakamura, Toshio.(2019).The 4.2 ka event and its resulting cultural interruption in the Daihai Lake basin at the East Asian summer monsoon margin.QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,527,87-93.
MLA Xiao, Jule,et al."The 4.2 ka event and its resulting cultural interruption in the Daihai Lake basin at the East Asian summer monsoon margin".QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 527(2019):87-93.
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