IGGCAS OpenIR  > 新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
The position of Neandertal and Homo erectus within the hominid clade based on craniodental morphology and whole mtDNA genomes
Abdelhady, Ahmed A.1,2; Elewa, Ashraf M. T.1; El-Dawy, Moustafa H.1
2019
Source PublicationHOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY
ISSN0018-442X
Volume70Issue:4Pages:305-323
AbstractTo evaluate the taxonomic position of the Neandertal and Homo erectus within the hominid clade, the variation among and within the hominid taxa was assessed based on the craniodental morphology and integrated with molecular analyses of the whole mtDNA genomes. Ordination and clustering of the Procrustes craniodental landmarks have showed a notable shape transformation from the earliest hominid species to the modern humans. Although levels of distinction between the analyzed taxa (Homo, Pan, Gorilla, and Pongo) are generally corresponding to probable expectations based on their taxonomic rank, few exceptions were found. Notably, the craniodental morphology of Homo erectus showed a greater dissimilarity to other Homo species, where it consistently overlapped or grouped with Pan species on all ordination plots and clustering. In addition, the direct link between European humans and Neandertals, which is well-characterized on all of the phylogenetic trees based on maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood methods, was not outlined in the morphologic-based clustering. Both morphological and molecular distances between Neandertal and modern humans were consistently greater than the distances among modern humans, however, the distances are still smaller than those between any two distinct species (so they are subspecies). The topology of the phylogenetic trees based on the whole mtDNA has shown a minor discrepancy with the results obtained from the craniodental morphologies.
KeywordHominid Neandertal Homo erectus craniodental morphology mtDNA geometric morphometrics
DOI10.1127/homo/2019/1119
Funding OrganizationDeutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany
WOS KeywordHUMAN-EVOLUTION ; TAXONOMIC DIVERSITY ; SPECIES CONCEPTS ; PAN-TROGLODYTES ; CRANIAL SHAPE ; RECONSTRUCTION ; SEQUENCE ; DMANISI ; DISTANCES ; MOLECULES
Language英语
Funding ProjectDeutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany[41704]
Funding OrganizationDeutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH/Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM), Germany
WOS Research AreaAnthropology
WOS SubjectAnthropology
WOS IDWOS:000501490900007
PublisherELSEVIER GMBH
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/95821
Collection新生代地质与环境院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorAbdelhady, Ahmed A.
Affiliation1.Menia Univ, Fac Sci, Geol Dept, El Minia 61519, Egypt
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Cenozo Geol & Environm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Abdelhady, Ahmed A.,Elewa, Ashraf M. T.,El-Dawy, Moustafa H.. The position of Neandertal and Homo erectus within the hominid clade based on craniodental morphology and whole mtDNA genomes[J]. HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY,2019,70(4):305-323.
APA Abdelhady, Ahmed A.,Elewa, Ashraf M. T.,&El-Dawy, Moustafa H..(2019).The position of Neandertal and Homo erectus within the hominid clade based on craniodental morphology and whole mtDNA genomes.HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY,70(4),305-323.
MLA Abdelhady, Ahmed A.,et al."The position of Neandertal and Homo erectus within the hominid clade based on craniodental morphology and whole mtDNA genomes".HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY 70.4(2019):305-323.
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