IGGCAS OpenIR  > 页岩气与地质工程院重点实验室
Delineation of contaminated aquifers using integrated geophysical methods in Northeast Punjab, Pakistan
Hasan, Muhammad1,2,3,4; Shang, Yanjun1,2,3; Akhter, Gulraiz5; Jin, Weijun1,2,3
2020
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
ISSN0167-6369
Volume192Issue:1Pages:15
AbstractA decline in surface water sources in Pakistan is continuously causing the over-extraction of groundwater resources which is in turn costing the saltwater intrusion in many areas of the country. The saltwater intrusion is a major problem in sustainable groundwater development. The application of electrical resistivity methods is one of the best known geophysical approaches in groundwater study. Considering the accuracy in extraction of freshwater resources, the use of resistivity methods is highly successful to delineate the fresh-saline aquifer boundary. An integrated geophysical study of VES and ERI methods was carried out through the analysis and interpretation of resistivity data using Schlumberger array. The main purpose of this investigation was to delineate the fresh/saline aquifer zones for exploitation and management of fresh water resources in the Upper Bari Doab, northeast Punjab, Pakistan. The results suggest that sudden drop in resistivity values caused by the solute salts indicates the saline aquifer, whereas high resistivity values above a specific range reveal the fresh water. However, the overlapping of fresh/saline aquifers caused by the formation resistivity was delineated through confident solutions of the D-Z parameters computed from the VES data. A four-layered unified model of the subsurface geologic formation was constrained by the calibration between formation resistivity and borehole lithologs. i.e., sand and gravel-sand containing fresh water, clay-sand with brackish water, and clay having saline water. The aquifer yield contained within the fresh/saline aquifers was measured by the hydraulic parameters. The fresh-saline interface demarcated by the resistivity methods was confirmed by the geochemical method and the local hydrogeological data. The proposed geophysical approach can delineate the fresh-saline boundary with 90% confidence in any homogeneous or heterogeneous aquifer system.
KeywordFresh water Saline water VES ERI Resistivity Upper Bari Doab
DOI10.1007/s10661-019-7941-y
Funding OrganizationCAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project
WOS KeywordCOASTAL AQUIFER ; SALINE INTERFACE ; ROCK AQUIFER ; GROUNDWATER ; FRESH ; WATER ; INTRUSION ; TANNERY ; ERT ; SALINIZATION
Language英语
Funding ProjectCAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project[2018FY10050003]
Funding OrganizationCAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000501808600001
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/95825
Collection页岩气与地质工程院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHasan, Muhammad
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Shale Gas & Geoengn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, 19 Beitucheng Western Rd, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
5.Quaid I Azam Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Islamabad, Pakistan
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hasan, Muhammad,Shang, Yanjun,Akhter, Gulraiz,et al. Delineation of contaminated aquifers using integrated geophysical methods in Northeast Punjab, Pakistan[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,2020,192(1):15.
APA Hasan, Muhammad,Shang, Yanjun,Akhter, Gulraiz,&Jin, Weijun.(2020).Delineation of contaminated aquifers using integrated geophysical methods in Northeast Punjab, Pakistan.ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,192(1),15.
MLA Hasan, Muhammad,et al."Delineation of contaminated aquifers using integrated geophysical methods in Northeast Punjab, Pakistan".ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT 192.1(2020):15.
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