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Dayside nitrogen and carbon escape on Titan: the role of exothermic chemistry
Gu, H.1; Cui, J.2,3,4; Lavvas, P. P.5; Niu, D-D1; Wu, X-S3,4; Guo, J-H6; He, F.7; Wei, Y.7
2019-12-20
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN0004-6361
Volume633Pages:20
AbstractContext. Atmospheric escape has an appreciable impact on the long-term climate evolution on terrestrial planets. Exothermic chemistry serves as an important mechanism driving atmospheric escape and the role of such a mechanism is of great interest for Titan due to its extremely complicated atmospheric and ionospheric composition. Aims. This study is devoted to a detailed investigation of neutral N and C escape on the dayside of Titan, which is driven by exothermic neutral-neutral, ion-neutral, and dissociative recombination (DR) reactions. It was carried out based on the extensive measurements of Titan's upper atmospheric structure by a number of instruments on board Cassini, along with an improved understanding of the chemical network involved. Methods. A total number of 14 C- and N-containing species are investigated based on 146 exothermic chemical reactions that release hot neutrals with nascent energies above their respective local escape energies. For each species and each chemical channel, the hot neutral production rate profile is calculated, which provides an estimate of the corresponding escape rate when combined with the appropriate escape probability profile obtained from a test particle Monte Carlo model. Results. Our calculations suggest a total N escape rate of 9.0 x 10(23) s(-1) and a total C escape rate of 4.2 x 10(23) s(-1), driven by exothermic chemistry and appropriate for the dayside of Titan. The former is primarily contributed by neutral-neutral reactions, whereas the latter is dominated by ion-neutral reactions; however, contributions from neutral-neutral and DR reactions to the latter cannot be ignored either. Our calculations further reveal that the bulk of N escape is driven by hot N(S-4) production from the collisional quenching of N(D-2) by ambient N-2, while C escape is mainly driven by hot CH3 and CH4 production via a number of important ion-neutral and neutral-neutral reactions. Conclusions. Considered in the context of prior investigations of other known escape mechanisms, we suggest that exothermic chemistry is likely to contribute appreciably to non-thermal C escape on the dayside of Titan, although it plays an insignificant role in N escape.
Keywordplanets and satellites atmospheres planets and satellites individual Titan
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/201936826
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
WOS KeywordEVALUATED KINETIC-DATA ; ETHYNYL RADICAL C2H ; TEMPERATURE RATE COEFFICIENTS ; ABSOLUTE CROSS-SECTIONS ; ION MOLECULE CHEMISTRY ; ATOM BRANCHING RATIOS ; DISSOCIATIVE RECOMBINATION ; RATE CONSTANTS ; UPPER-ATMOSPHERE ; GAS-PHASE
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA17010201] ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41525015] ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41774186] ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41525016]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000503792300001
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/95885
Collection地球与行星物理院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorCui, J.
Affiliation1.Macau Univ Sci & Technol, Space Sci Inst, Macau, Peoples R China
2.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Atmospher Sci, Zhuhai, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Comparat Planetol, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
5.Univ Reims, CNRS, GSMA, UMR 7331, F-51097 Reims, France
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Yunnan Astron Observ, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gu, H.,Cui, J.,Lavvas, P. P.,et al. Dayside nitrogen and carbon escape on Titan: the role of exothermic chemistry[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2019,633:20.
APA Gu, H..,Cui, J..,Lavvas, P. P..,Niu, D-D.,Wu, X-S.,...&Wei, Y..(2019).Dayside nitrogen and carbon escape on Titan: the role of exothermic chemistry.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,633,20.
MLA Gu, H.,et al."Dayside nitrogen and carbon escape on Titan: the role of exothermic chemistry".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 633(2019):20.
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