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Assessment of Aquifer Vulnerability Using Integrated Geophysical Approach in Weathered Terrains of South China
Hasan, Muhammad1,2,3; Shang, Yanjun1,2,3; Jin, Weijun1,2,3; Akhter, Gulraiz4
2019
Source PublicationOPEN GEOSCIENCES
ISSN2391-5447
Volume11Issue:1Pages:1129-1150
AbstractDespite being rich in groundwater resources, assessment of hard-rock aquifers in many areas of Asia is difficult given their strong heterogeneity. However, delineation of such aquifers is essential for estimation of the groundwater reserves. In addition, the vulnerability of hard-rock aquifers is controlled by the weathered/fractured zones because it is the place where most of the groundwater reserves are contained. In this work, an integrated approach of the electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), high precision magnetic, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), physicochemical analysis and pumping test data was performed to investigate the hard-rock aquifers occurring in the weathered terrains. This approach reveals seven fractures/faults (F1 to F7) and four discrete layers such as the topsoil cover, highly weathered, partly weathered and unweathered rock. The groundwater resources are estimated as a function of different parameters i.e., aquifer resistivity (rho(o)), transverse unit resistance (T-r), hydraulic conductivity (K), transmissivity (T), rock formation factor (F) and rock porosity (Phi). These parameters divide the groundwater resources into four aquifer potential zones with specific ranges of rho(o), T-r, K, T, F and Phi i.e., high, medium, poor, and negligible potential aquifers. The results suggest that the high potential aquifer reserves are contained within the weathered/fractured and fault zones. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique analyzes quartz as the major mineral (>50%). The physicochemical and geophysical analysis suggests good groundwater quality in the investigated area. The integrated results are highly satisfied with the available borehole information. This integrated geophysical approach for the estimation of groundwater resources is not only applicable in the weathered terrains of South China, but also in many other areas of the weathered/fractured aquifer in Asia and beyond.
KeywordElectrical resistivity tomography (ERT) Hard-rock aquifers weathered terrains magnetic method hydraulic conductivity transmissivity groundwater resources
DOI10.1515/geo-2019-0087
Funding OrganizationCASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China
WOS KeywordELECTRICAL-RESISTIVITY TOMOGRAPHY ; LEAST-SQUARES INVERSION ; HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY ; ROCK AQUIFER ; GROUNDWATER ; SURFACE ; TRANSMISSIVITY ; INTERFACE ; MEDIA ; LAYER
Language英语
Funding ProjectCASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project[2018FY10050003] ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC)[41772320] ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China
Funding OrganizationCASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; CASTWAS President's Fellowship for International PhD Students ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; National Science and Technology Basic Resources Investigation project ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; Chinese National Scientific Foundation Committee (NSFC) ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; CAS-TWAS President's Fellowship ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China ; Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing China
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000507266600001
PublisherSCIENDO
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/95922
Collection页岩气与地质工程院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHasan, Muhammad
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Shale Gas & Geoengn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Sci, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Quaid I Azam Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Islamabad, Pakistan
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hasan, Muhammad,Shang, Yanjun,Jin, Weijun,et al. Assessment of Aquifer Vulnerability Using Integrated Geophysical Approach in Weathered Terrains of South China[J]. OPEN GEOSCIENCES,2019,11(1):1129-1150.
APA Hasan, Muhammad,Shang, Yanjun,Jin, Weijun,&Akhter, Gulraiz.(2019).Assessment of Aquifer Vulnerability Using Integrated Geophysical Approach in Weathered Terrains of South China.OPEN GEOSCIENCES,11(1),1129-1150.
MLA Hasan, Muhammad,et al."Assessment of Aquifer Vulnerability Using Integrated Geophysical Approach in Weathered Terrains of South China".OPEN GEOSCIENCES 11.1(2019):1129-1150.
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