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Comparison of differential diagenesis of two oolites on the Lower Triassic platform margin, NE Sichuan Basin: Implications for the co-evolution of rock structure and porosity
Li, Kaikai1,2,3; George, Simon C.3; Cai, Chunfang4; Zhang, Xuefeng5; Tan, Xianfeng6
2020-09-01
Source PublicationMARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY
ISSN0264-8172
Volume119Pages:25
AbstractTwo oolites of the Lower Triassic Feixianguan Formation on the margins of the Kaijiang-Liangping (K-L) Trough in the NE Sichuan Basin were deposited in the upper parts of similar shallowing-upward sequences, and are capped by a subaerial exposure surface. However, they have contrasting diagenetic histories and reservoir qualities: the sour oolitic dolostone reservoirs on the eastern side of the K-L Trough have significantly higher porosities than the sweet oolitic limestone reservoirs on the western side. A petrologic and geochemical comparison of the two oolites was carried out so as to investigate the role of diagenetic processes on the co-evolution of oolite structure and pore network. On both sides of the K-L Trough, eogenetic meteoric digenesis led to an inversion of texture with ooid dissolution and interparticle cementation in the oolite layers close to the exposure surface. The layers relatively far from the exposure surface mostly underwent recrystallization in association with connate seawater, resulting in neomorphic fabrics in the ooid cortices and less interparticle calcite cement. During the subsequent dolomitization, the early-formed oolite structure were mostly inherited by the dolostones on the eastern side, with fabric-retentive textures in the layers close to the exposure surface and fabric-destructive textures in the layers far from the exposure surface. During deeper burial the oolitic limestones were subjected to extensive calcite cementation and porosity loss, whereas the dolostones generally retained more porosity and have better connectivity of the micropore network. The higher porosity of the dolostones is ascribed to lesser chemical compaction and associated cement precipitation, rather than the creation of new pores. Porosity enhancement is closely dependent on the absence of the calcite cement related to pressure solution. The heterogeneity of the dolostone fabrics and the porosity was further enhanced by the subsequent recrystallization and the dissolution-reprecipitation process induced by thermochemical sulfate reduction, during which small amounts of net porosity are calculated to have been created. The oolitic limestones are the best reservoirs close to the exposure surface, whereas the most porous dolostones with the highest degree of fabric destruction are commonly some distance from the exposure surface. These results provide some insights into the diagenetic controls on oolite structure and porosity, and have implications for predicting the porosity of deeply-buried oolitic reservoirs, so have global theoretical and practical significance.
KeywordDolomitization Meteoric diagenesis Porosity preservation Rock fabric Oolite Sichuan Basin
DOI10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2020.104485
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
WOS KeywordTHERMOCHEMICAL SULFATE REDUCTION ; JURASSIC SMACKOVER FORMATION ; CARBONATE GAS-RESERVOIRS ; FEIXIANGUAN FORMATION ; ABU-DHABI ; ZAGROS BASIN ; OIL-FIELD ; HYDROTHERMAL DOLOMITIZATION ; MESOGENETIC DISSOLUTION ; OOID GRAINSTONES
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41972154] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41672143] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41572129] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[2652017299]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000548925200023
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/97196
Collection油气资源研究院重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Kaikai
Affiliation1.China Univ Geosci Beijing, Sch Energy Resource, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Minist Educ, Key Lab Marine Reservoir Evolut & Hydrocarbon Enr, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Macquarie Univ, MQ Marine Res Ctr, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Petr Resources, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
5.Peking Univ, Inst Oil & Gas, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
6.Chongqing Univ Sci & Technol, Coll Petr & Nat Gas Engn, Chongqing 401331, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Kaikai,George, Simon C.,Cai, Chunfang,et al. Comparison of differential diagenesis of two oolites on the Lower Triassic platform margin, NE Sichuan Basin: Implications for the co-evolution of rock structure and porosity[J]. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY,2020,119:25.
APA Li, Kaikai,George, Simon C.,Cai, Chunfang,Zhang, Xuefeng,&Tan, Xianfeng.(2020).Comparison of differential diagenesis of two oolites on the Lower Triassic platform margin, NE Sichuan Basin: Implications for the co-evolution of rock structure and porosity.MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY,119,25.
MLA Li, Kaikai,et al."Comparison of differential diagenesis of two oolites on the Lower Triassic platform margin, NE Sichuan Basin: Implications for the co-evolution of rock structure and porosity".MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY 119(2020):25.
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